Varicosis is a disease which manifests itself in the form of changes to the superficial venous system and is accompanied by a violation to the functionality of the circulatory system which is known as varicose veins.
Varicosis is a painful condition in which superficial veins manifested in the area of the lower extremities are increased in size.
The blood vessels are visible through the superficial skin layer or protrude from under the skin layer of the leg in the form of nodules causing a person aesthetic and physical discomfort. Violation of blood flow in such veins can lead to the development of an even more formidable disease – thrombophlebitis as well as trophic ulcers of the skin associated with nutritional disorders in the skin layer.
Varicosis is caused by a congenital weakness in the venous walls of veins which leads to the loss of elasticity in the walls and insufficient function of the vein valve. The result is dilation, deformation and the elongation of blood vessels.
The cause of the disease is thought to be a disturbance in the circulation of blood flow in the veins. The disease can be caused by various factors. Such factors include excess weight, tight shoes and clothes, smoking, constipation, a sedentary lifestyle, pregnancy with a large foetus and the factor of heredity which is not fully confirmed and is considered a hypothesis.
Working in one position and standing can also be a provocateur of such vein disease.
Varicose veins are manifested by the following symptoms: small swelling along the course of the vein, night cramps, pain and heaviness in the lower limbs, bulging veins above the surface of the skin, the appearance of dark spots and bruises and the next stage, which can lead to thrombophlebitis. An external unattractive appearance of the legs also bothers many patients, especially women. A trophic ulcer can form on the skin if the disease is not treated.
Treatment of varicose veins depends on the condition and stage of the disease. Firstly, it is necessary to have therapeutic treatment which will restore the elasticity of the vein walls and strengthen them. It is necessary to wear elastic stockings, tights and use an elastic bandage which will help to bring the veins back to normal. If these therapeutic methods do not help, there is a need for surgery. During surgical intervention one of these methods is used: the removal of the altered diseased venous vessel or the introduction of sclerotic substances into it which contributes to the adhesion of damaged vein walls.